Last updated on: 8/29/2018 2:35:57 PM PST | Author: ProCon.org

US Gun Deaths by Year

Suicides, Homicides, Unintentional Deaths, Legal Intervention Deaths, Deaths from Undetermined Consequences

 
I. All Firearm DeathsII. Firearm SuicidesIII. Firearm Homicides
IV. Unintentional Firearm DeathsV. Legal Intervention Firearm DeathsVI. Firearm Deaths of Undetermined Intent
  

 

 I. All Firearm Deaths

During the 18-year period from 1999 to 2016, 2016 had the most firearm suicides (22,938), homicides (14,415), and the most firearm deaths from legal intervention (510). 1999 had the most unintentional firearm deaths (824) and the most firearm deaths with undetermined intent (324). Overall, firearm deaths were up 33.9% from 1999 to 2016.

 
 
Firearm Deaths, All Ages: 1999-2016
 Suicides Homicides Unintentional Legal Intervention Undetermined Intent  
Year% of Total
Firearm Deaths
for Year*
 % of Total
Firearm Deaths
for Year
 % of Total
Firearm Deaths
for Year
 % of Total
Firearm Deaths
for Year
 % of Total
Firearm Deaths
for Year
 Total
1999
16,599
57.5%
 
10,828
37.5%
 
824
2.9%
 
299
1.0%
 
324
1.1%
 28,874
2000
16,586
57.9%
 
10,801
37.7%
 
776
2.8%
 
270
0.9%
 
230
0.8%
 28,663
2001
16,869
57.0%
 
11,348
38.4%
 
802
2.7%
 
323
1.1%
 
231
0.8%
 29,573
2002
17,108
56.6%
 
11,829
39.1%
 
762
2.5%
 
300
1.0%
 
243
0.8%
 30,242
2003
16,907
56.1%
 
11,920
39.6%
 
730
2.4%
 
347
1.2%
 
232
0.8%
 30,136
2004
16,750
56.6%
 
11,624
39.3%
 
649
2.2%
 
311
1.1%
 
235
0.8%
 29,569
2005
17,002
55.4%
 
12,352
40.2%
 
789
2.6%
 
330
1.1%
 
221
0.7%
 30,694
2006
16,883
54.6%
 
12,791
41.4%
 
642
2.1%
 
360
1.2%
 
220
0.7%
 30,896
2007
17,352
55.6%
 
12,632
40.5%
 
613
2.0%
 
351
1.1%
 
276
0.9%
 31,224
2008
18,223
57.7%
 
12,179
38.5%
 
592
1.9%
 
326
1.0%
 
273
0.9%
 31,593
2009
18,735
59.8%
 
11,493
36.7%
 
554
1.8%
 
333
1.1%
 
232
0.7%
 31,347
2010
19,392
61.2%
 
11,078
35.0%
 
606
1.9%
 
344
1.1%
 
252
0.8%
 31,672
2011
19,990
62.0%
 
11,068
34.2%
 
591
1.8%
 
454
1.4%
 
248
0.8%
 32,351
2012
20,666
61.6%
 
11,622
34.6%
 
548
1.6%
 
471
1.4%
 
256
0.8%
 33,563
2013
21,175
63.0%
 
11,208
32.8%
 
505
1.5%
 
467
1.4%
 
281
0.8%
 33,636
2014
21,386
63.7%
 
11,008
32.6%
 
461
1.4%
 
464
1.4%
 
275
0.8%
 33,594
2015
22,018
60.7%
 
12,979
35.8%
 
489
1.3%
 
484
1.3%
 
282
0.8%
 36,252
2016
22,938
59.3%
 
14,415
37.3%
 
495
1.3%
 
510
1.3%
 
300
0.8%
 38,658
Total
336,579
58.8%
 
213,175
37.2%
 
11,428
2.0%
 
6,744
1.2%
 
4,611
0.8%
 572,537
Average
Per Year
18,699 11,843 635 375 256 31,808

*Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth (one decimal) so each year’s percentages may not add up to 100% exactly.

 
  

 

 II. Firearm Suicides

There were 336,579 firearm suicides between 1999 and 2016. Firearms were the leading cause of suicide, representing 51.8% of all suicides. Suffocation was the second most frequent cause with 152,684 deaths. Adults 65 years old and older were most often the victims of gun suicides with 78,706 deaths between 1999 and 2016 (23.4% of total firearm suicides), with the most suicides in this age group (5,756) occurring in 2016. Overall, firearm suicides were up 38.2% from 1999 to 2016.

 
 
Firearm Suicides by Age, 1999-2016
Year5-910-1415-2425-3435-4445-5455-6465+Age
Unknown
Total
199901032,3152,6213,0972,6771,8603,921516,599
200001102,2672,4533,1912,8581,8333,869516,586
20010902,1302,5643,0303,0232,0833,943616,869
20020862,0882,3993,1573,1362,2344,006217,108
20031732,0752,3812,9273,2792,3173,854016,907
20040592,1042,2832,8683,3492,3283,756316,750
20050841,9622,2692,8553,4722,4703,889117,002
20060621,9782,1502,8213,4812,5623,828116,883
20070531,9002,3062,8793,5312,7863,895217,352
20080502,0092,3572,7963,7893,0794,143018,223
20090642,0022,3792,8743,9753,1914,248218,735
20101802,0462,5942,9144,0923,3874,276219,392
20111912,1682,7402,8374,1003,5224,526519,990
201211042,2182,7602,9244,1133,7474,796320,666
201311372,2102,9872,9484,0573,8095,116321,175
201401742,2802,8342,8393,9603,9225,376121,386
201511392,4613,1182,9523,8823,9515,511322,018
201601602,6833,2983,0993,8734,0675,756222,938
Total61,71938,89646,40353,00864,64753,14878,70646336,579
Average
Per Year
0962,1612,5782,9453,5922,9534,373318,699

*There were no firearm suicides for children under 5.

 
  

 

 III. Firearm Homicides


There were 213,175 firearm homicides between 1999 and 2016. Firearms were the leading cause of homicide, representing 67.7% of all homicides. Cuts or piercing (such as with a knife) were the second most frequent cause with 34,086 deaths. 15-24-year-olds were most often the victims of gun homicides with 75,151 deaths between 1999 and 2016, with the most deaths (4,827) occurring in 2006. Overall, firearm homicides were up 30.6% from 1999 to 2016.

 
 
  

 

Firearm Homicides by Age, 1999-2016
Year<11-45-910-1415-2425-3435-4445-5455-6465+Age
Unknown
Total
1999850611634,0383,0481,8688933733111510,828
20001228501373,9633,0741,9069593672931210,801
20011155591214,2003,3081,9789343643071111,348
2002949551504,3173,4652,0421,0254092951311,829
2003840481394,4103,5401,9411,1103942721811,920
2004636451394,1273,5031,8951,0624683222111,624
2005637441434,4993,7802,0101,097405322912,352
2006642621754,8273,7671,9871,185468264812,791
20071548471544,6693,7512,0381,159446296912,632
2008956441434,3943,6121,9661,146489318212,179
20091155531154,0513,3001,8691,152520361611,493
20101143581073,8893,3311,6731,097533331511,078
2011748551073,8253,2711,7181,147546344011,068
2012545671243,9313,4271,8871,181589366011,622
2013123948943,7043,3721,8431,158573357811,208
2014547581153,6143,2741,8431,141541369111,008
2015850691214,1403,9962,1971,299681417112,979
20161175681954,5534,5102,5551,420738400114,415
Total1608429912,34275,15163,32935,21620,1658,9045,942140213,175
Average
Per Year
947551304,1753,5181,9561,120495330811,843
 
  

 

 IV. Unintentional Firearm Deaths


There were 11,428 unintentional firearm deaths between 1999 and 2016. Firearms were the 16th leading cause of unintentional death representing 0.5% of all unintentional deaths. Traffic accidents were the leading cause with 702,925 deaths. 25-34-year-olds were most often the victims of unintentional gun deaths with 1,875 deaths between 1999 and 2016 (16.4% of total unintentional firearm deaths), with the most deaths in that age range (143) occurring in 1999. Overall, unintentional firearm deaths were down 39.9% from 1999 to 2016.

 
 
  

 

Unintentional Firearm Deaths by Age, 1999-2016
Year<11-45-910-1415-2425-3435-4445-5455-6465+Age UnknownTotal
199901219572511431369248660824
200011818492021311537850760776
2001015183920612214610369822802
200211114342101431239556750762
20030713362001201189262820730
200411413351721009710635760649
2005122153720313011410867920789
20060131823193113748449750642
2007118202615594918257690613
2008021122913289859957680592
2009115122013299766160780554
20100251126145107918950620606
2011425162913086668764840591
201262372211990647969690548
2013327152410782488059600505
2014122141210963616344711461
201512571512179595755700489
2014135162312184296763570495
Total223482585362,9081,8751,6311,5221,0141,312311,428
Average
Per Year
1191430162104918556730635
  

 

 V. Legal Intervention Firearm Deaths


Legal intervention firearm deaths include gun deaths by police officers, federal law enforcement agents, other law enforcement agents, and on-duty military personnel while the government official is in the process of arresting the victim or performing other job duties, including keeping the peace. There were 6,744 firearm deaths due to legal intervention between 1999 and 2016. 25-34-year-olds were most often the victims of legal intervention gun deaths with 2,044 deaths between 1999 and 2016 (30.3% of total legal intervention firearm deaths), with the most deaths (171) occurring in 2016. Overall, legal intervention firearm deaths were up 70.6% from 1999 to 2016. There was one legal intervention firearm death of a child under 1-year-old in 2009 and none other for children under 10.

 
 
  

 

Legal Intervention Firearm Deaths by Age, 1999-2016
Year10-1415-2425-3435-4445-5455-6465+Total
19991641127632113299
200037279693377270
20010879584311610323
200238687743686300
20032921098938116347
2004079908242810311
2005080889439227330
20061811149156125360
20071961077649148351
2008080917653179326
20090699964533413333
2010168868658369344
2011110013084853618454
201211161359975369471
2013196138113703514467
2014179160106763012464
201508415398894713484
2016276171132714315510
Total181,5052,0441,5939864231746,744
Average
Per Year
18411486552410375

*There was one legal intervention firearm death of a child under 1-year-old in 2009 and none other for children under 10.

 
  

 

VI. Firearm Deaths of Undetermined Intent


There were 4,611 firearm deaths of undetermined intent between 1999 and 2016. The firearm deaths of 15-24 years olds most often were categorized as undetermined intent between 1999 and 2016 with 1,265 deaths (27.4% of total undetermined intent firearm deaths), with the most deaths (127) occurring in 1999. Overall, undetermined intent firearm deaths were down 7.4% from 1999 to 2016.

 
 
  

 

Firearm Deaths of Undetermined Intent, by Age, 1999-2015
Year1-45-910-1415-2425-3435-4445-5455-6465+Age
Unknown
Total
1999301212751572814320324
20000287152392315191230
20010246448502912220231
20021247946502912200243
200311116938433120180232
20041365845442920263235
20053397735282823150221
20062057645392220110220
200732108244364035240276
20082467053364032282273
20092144240384833230232
201033115354264433250252
201121106244392934270248
20122046752323435300256
20131166466432942290281
20142355746405134361275
20153137760313432410282
20163497065522731381300
Total34331271,2658847235964776484,611
Average
Per Year
227704940332740256

*There was one undetermined intent firearm death of a child under 1 in 2009, and no other for that age group.

Source: CDC, WISQARS Database, cdc.gov (accessed July 17, 2018)